How Drinking Water Gets Contaminated

The crisis in Flint, Michigan was a wakeup call for many Americans that relied on being able to drink tap water easily and safely. With first reports emerging in 2014 about the effects of the switch to water sourcing from Flint river, it was soon clear that inefficient water treatment had caused toxic levels of lead to leach into the water.

Although this was a rare occurrence in an otherwise quite strong water supply, there are still many questions being asked about the level of care taken to treat water properly.

Additionally, improperly maintained our outdated pipe systems are a core reason for water contamination, which is why we need to be careful about how to maintain healthy water supply for drinking in our homes.

The NRDC’s Statistics

The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) reports that in just 2015, there were 80,000+ reports of violations of the Safe Drinking Water Act. Additionally, 77 million people were provided with water via 18,000 systems that violated the Act. Among these violations were failures to test water, or report contamination.

If underreporting is considered as well, it becomes clear that although legislation exists to regulate drinking water distribution the legislation isn’t being implemented properly. The NRDC also argues that there are plenty of contaminants that are yet to be regulated by the Safe Drinking Water Act.

This means that unknowingly, unless we utilize a water purifier, we’re ingesting a lot of contaminants we shouldn’t be.

Types of Contaminants Found in US Tap Water

Even in an area where contamination is not as obvious as what happened in Flint, there are some materials that can be found often or are extremely dangerous.


This is one of the most well-known toxic chemicals, and even with action done to remove lead from plumbing and sewage systems, newer kinds of fixtures may also contain lead. If improperly treated water flows through pipes that aren’t completely lead-free, even brass fixtures can release lead into the water at high enough levels to cause adverse effects.


Nitrates are tolerated by the human body at very low levels, but the increased use of them in fertilizers means that runoff from mass farms have infected water supplies in some areas. Harmful for both pregnant women and infants, this is one contaminant that can be very risky.

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Perchlorate has been found in the water in 26 states and as a toxic chemical used in explosives and fuel, it is deadly  for the human body. It was only in June 2020 that the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released any news about setting perchlorate limits in drinking water. However, the EPA decided not to set a limit at all.

With these three being some of the most important and/or common ways that water gets infected, it’s time for us to take matters into our hands. Bodyguard Bottles’ eco-friendly water purification bottle comes with an in-built mechanism that filters and provides pH balanced healthy water.

Learn more about our best reusable water bottles or buy our environment friendly water bottles for healthy water here.